Historically, the cerebellum has been considered a motor structure, because cerebellar damage leads to impairments in motor control and posture and because the majority of the cerebellum's outputs lead to parts of the motor system. Motor commands are not initiated in the cerebellum, rather the cerebellum modifies the motor commands of the descending pathways to make movements more adaptive and accurate.
The cerebellum is involved in the following functions:
- Coordination of voluntary movements
- Maintenance of balance
- Motor learning
- Maintenance of posture
- Cognitive functions
|Cerebellum c.s. under the microscope at 40x.|
|Cerebellum c.s. under the microscope at 100x.|
|Cerebellum c.s. under the microscope at 400x using plan fluor objective lens.|
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